Guinea Pigs require a specialised diet. Like humans, they cannot synthesise vitamin C, and need to obtain it from their diet. For this reason, Guinea Pig pellets must be purchased.
Please remember that other small animal pellet food is not suitable for Guinea Pigs, as vitamins and minerals essential to the Guinea Pig are not present in these other feeds.
These pellets should be purchased in small quantities, and stored in a cool dry place for freshness, as up to half of the vitamin content may degrade within six months of purchase.
To avoid things becoming boring, small quantities of additional foods can be offered, such as carrots, peas, apples, green peppers, spinach, kale, pears, dandelion leaves, clover, cucumbers, corn, celery, melons, oranges, beet tops and parsley. These should make up not more than 10 – 15% of the diet, and should be thoroughly washed to avoid contamination by chemicals and pesticides.
Dust-extracted hay should also be provided for your guinea pig to add fibre and to help to grind down teeth. This can be made available in a hay rack for the Guinea Pig to take as required.
Like all animals, guinea pigs must have a constant supply of fresh clean water available at all times. Bottles and bowls should be refreshed at least once a day and checked at least two to three times a day.